Blue & Fancy Sapphire
Sapphire is commonly known as a blue gemstone - Blue Sapphire. Actually, Sapphire comes in many other colors, called Fancy Sapphire: Pink, Orange, Yellow, Green, Purple, and Violet. Except Red - Red Corundum called Ruby .
"The choicest colors of the sapphire are the cornflower and the velvet-blue." - GF Kunz, 1887, Precious Stones. Appleton's Physical Geography
Cornflower Blue Sapphire
Beautiful blue sapphire is likened to the blue color of the Chrysanthemum - Cornflower. Cornflower Blue is similar to Pastel Sapphire, somewhere between Lighter Pastel Blue and Deeper, Intense Peacock & Royal Blue.
Peacock Blue Sapphire
In Sri Lanka , the finest Blue Sapphire gemstones with spectacular blue hues are compared to the color of the Peacock Blue Sapphire's neck or tail feathers.
Velvet Blue Sapphire
Velvet Blue bottles
Royal Blue Sapphire
Of all the colors of Ruby and Sapphire, Royal Blue Sapphire is the most difficult to display on screen or in print, as it is out of the gamut for both print and most computer screens. . This is a Vivid Vlue-Violet with a deep blue undertone, found in beautiful Sapphires from the Mogok Stone Tract mine of Burma. In addition to Myanmar, Royal Blue Sapphire is also found in Madagascar , Tanzania 's Tunduru mine, sometimes from Pailin (Cambodia) and Nigeria . Tanzanite gemstone also has a Royal Blue color zone.
Indigo Blue Sapphire
Indigo Dark Blue is a traditional dye made from plants of the indigo family and has an ancient origin. Today it is common to see this blue color of blue jeans. This blue is different from the cornflower, peacock, velvet and royal colors because it has both a bold tone but a bit less saturation. Indigo Blue Sapphire is mined in Thailand , Madagascar, Australia , China and Nigeria.
Indigo Blue Dye
Twilight Blue Sapphire
Twilight Blue Sapphire has the Deep Blue color of the Sky at dusk and twilight, mined in Australia, Thailand, Cambodia, Nigeria, China and Vietnam .
Twilight at Australia's Queensland sapphire mines near Rubyvale. Photo: Richard W. Hughes
Sapphire gemstones with colors other than Blue and Red are called Fancy Sapphire.
Madagascar Fancy Sapphires
Hot Pink Sapphire
Depending on the point of view, Hot Pink Sapphire is classified as either Pink Sapphire or Ruby. In some gem-producing countries like Sri Lanka, pink is always considered Ruby. While in many other countries, pink is classified as Pink Sapphire.
The gem has a color zone that changes from Blue to Violet due to the relatively low content of Iron - Fe compared to Chromium - Cr. The result is a slightly more bluish red and more fluorescence in the red. Hot Pink Sapphire is mined in mines in the Himalayan Mountains (Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, Burma, Vietnam, Yunnan (China) and in East Africa (Mozambique, Tanzania).
Pink Sapphire has a light red (pink) to light purple color range with weak to intense color saturation, which is out of the range for Ruby or Purple Sapphire.
Sri Lankan Pink Sapphire. Photo by Robert Weldon/JIAN
Purple Sapphire is always purple as the dominant color, ranging from medium to dark red-violet to violet-violet with weak to vibrant color saturation.
Purple Sapphire from Montana, USA. Photo by Diego Sanchez
Named after the species of Lilac - Lilac, Lilac Sapphire has a color range from Pastel Lavender to Rich Violet. This gemstone is quarried in Sri Lanka, Burma, Tanzania and Madagascar.
Yellow Sapphire has a color range from yellow to yellow-orange, from light to dark tones. Yellow Sapphire can be spread in color in the same stone as changing from lemon yellow - Greenish Yellow to orange yellow - Orangy Yellow. The most beautiful Yellow Sapphire gemstones have a vivid yellow to yellow-orange color.
Orange Sapphire has dark yellow - Deep Golden, to orange - mandarin, and dark orange - Deep Orange. Orange Sapphires range in color from Yellowish Orange to Reddish Orange. The most beautiful Orange Sapphire gemstones range in color from Pure Orange to Red-Orange with vivid tones.
Padparadscha Sapphire is a special gemstone, with a very delicate color that is a blend of red and yellow - a color range between Red Ruby and Yellow Sapphire, ranging from pale orange to medium pink. to light to medium pinkish orange to orange-pink. Padparadscha originates from Sanskrit and refers to the rich color of the lotus flower. This unique color is also seen in the sunset in Sri Lanka.
Padparadscha Sapphire is an extremely rare and valuable gemstone besides Blue Sapphire. Originally from Sri Lanka and also found in Madagascar, Tanzania and Vietnam.
The ideal color of a padparadscha has been described by some as the marriage between a lotus flower and a sunset, each shown above in Sri Lanka. Photos © Wimon Manorotkul (left) & Richard W. Hughes (right).
The padparadscha sapphire displays colors similar to this Sri Lankan sunset. Photo: Wimon Manorotkul.
Mekong Whiskey Sapphire
Mekong Whiskey Yellow Sapphire is similar to Whiskey color, has great demand in the Thai market and is named after the Mekong River in the region. These gems mainly come from Chanthaburi, Thailand. Similar colored gems that have been heat treated come from Sri Lanka.
Pastel Sapphire has a high saturation and a light pastel color range. Pastel Blue Sapphire is mined from Sri Lanka, Burma, Kashmir, Madagascar, Tanzania and Montana (USA).
The pastel color range
Rare gemstone Blue-green Teal Sapphire named after the teal duck - Teal Duck. This gemstone is quarried in Australia, Ethiopia, Madagascar and Thailand.
The vibrant blue-green feathers around the eye of the teak duck are the origin of the teal color.
Parti-Colored Sapphire is a particularly popular sapphire, cut from sapphire crystal with distinct color zones of two (Yellow and Blue Sapphire) or more distinct colors in a single gem. This creates a beautiful, interesting, and completely unique multicolored gemstone.
In its purest form, corundum is truly colorless. However, colorless corundum is rarer than expected because it only takes a small presence of color-generating mineralogy elements to produce a colored sapphire.
White/Colorless Sapphire used to be the gemstone that replaced Diamond and has been trending back in recent years. Although less popular with consumers than Blue Sapphire.
Blue Star Sapphire
Asterism (star effect) is an optical phenomenon that occurs in sapphire when light is reflected from small rutile grains, in star-shaped directions.
Along with the Mogok mine, Sri Lanka is the sole source of high-quality Star Sapphires, over 100 carats in size.
Black Star Sapphire
Black Star Sapphire comes mainly from Kenya, Australia and Thailand mines. Unlike other types of Star Sapphire and Ruby, the fibers in these stones are usually the result of the breakdown of Ilmenite (FeTiO3) and/or Hematite (α-Fe2O3).